gray dogwood identification

Stems are multiple from the ground, mostly straight and nearly simple with dense branching above. Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? A good look at Grey Dogwood in early summer upstate NY. The 4 stamens are about as long as the petals, spreading to ascending around the single green tipped style at center. This shrub grows at a slow rate, with height increases of less than 12" per year. Gray Dogwood is an upland forest species, however its does not tolerate too much shade, preferring areas with thin canopies or openings and does very well along roads that have cut through the forest. Family: Dogwood Family (Cornaceae) Group: Dogwoods Distinctive features: Shrub Flowers: White Height: 3 m (9 ft) Habitat: Fields and Open Areas Books: Shrubs of Ontario: 355 Native/Non-native: Native Notes: A good plant for naturalizing wild areas. Leaves are opposite, simple, lacking teeth or lobes, lance-shaped or broadest at the middle, 2–4 inches long, tapering to a broadly pointed tip. Gray dogwood is a very adaptable, native shrub that is excellent for naturalizing, especially in difficult sites, such as pond and stream banks. Eradication of this plant is not practical nor desirable. Cornus racemosa, the northern swamp dogwood, gray dogwood or panicle dogwood, is a shrubby plant native to southeastern Canada and the northeastern United States. panicled dogwood . Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark. Leaf and flower blight. The pedicels are exposed when the fruit falls, adding nice fall/winter color. Flowers are creamy white, about ¼ inch across with 4 lance-elliptic petals, the sepals minute or absent. This shrub adapts to dry and sandy soils. It is a perennial shrub that grows 6-15 feet, with smooth, gray twigs. Eradication of this plant is not practical nor desirable. Common Name: gray dogwood Scientific Name: Family: Cornaceae Genus: Cornus Species: racemosa Hardiness Zone: 4 to 8 Height: 10 to 15 ft Width: 10 to 15 ft Description: The gray dogwood is used extensively as a landscape shrub in Minnesota. Thanks for your understanding. In late summer, clusters of bluish-white berries will mature. Leaf buds are black and look like bristles, forming on short stalks. Leaves are opposite, entire, stalked, ovate to lance shape and taper to a pointed tip, pale green on the underside. The bark is grey and smooth with shallow ridges which develop with age, and its twigs are smooth, straight and slim. By the second year the bark has turned a dull but smooth brownish gray. Mature trees can grow to 10m. The Gray Dogwood is small to medium sized shrub, typically growing to a height of 6 to 10 feet. For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. As with the last one I did on Identifying Beech trees, I learned this from park rangers at Natchez Trace State Park in Wildersville, TN. The white winter berries only last a short time and don’t add much to the appearance of the shrub. Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa. To identify dogwood trees, look for their hard, grayish bark that looks like alligator skin. Cornus racemosa, the northern swamp dogwood, gray dogwood or panicle dogwood, is a shrubby plant native to southeastern Canada and the northeastern United States. northern swamp dogwood. I expected to quickly confirm my initial identification as a Silky Dogwood. Adapts to many soil types and conditions. I know that elderberry grows in the wild in our area (coastal RI) but I’m a true novice at plant id. Where in Minnesota? Gray dogwood is a native shrub that is a natural component of many woodland and prairie communities. Here, I'll go through each of the 4 common shrub dogwoods (gray, silky, red-osier, and round-leaf) with opposite branches and the 1 with alternate branches (alternate-leaf dogwood) that we have in Vermont. Gray Dogwood is a shrub, usually not over 6 feet high, forming a thicket. Opposite leaved shrubs, except for Alternate-leaved Dogwood, which has - yup - alternate leaves. And the reddish-pink fruit stems persist into the winter, adding a nice color contrast to the gray bark. Managers who are concerned by the abundance of gray dogwood on a particular managed area should determine the desired abundance of the shrub on the site before setting goals for control. Is occasionally grown as a small tree, where it can be used for foundations, entranceways, borders or specimen planting. The twigs are grey, rather than brown, and a lovely contrast to the new growth which begins as red. Important food and cover for wildlife. The upper surface is dark green with 3 or 4 lateral veins per side, the lower pale green to nearly white, both surfaces with sparse, short, stiff, appressed hairs. The spreading root system readily suckers, often creating large clonal colonies. Cornus is the Latin name for dogwood, and racemosa refers to the type of compound flower arrangement (raceme). The bark of older branches is gray or gray-brown and slightly roughened from the abundant small lenticels. Almost any character in the keys is open to exception, but identification is easier than the apparently overlapping statements might suggest. PLANTS Identification Keys: Plant Materials Web Site: Plant ... Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Subordinate Taxa. Help support this site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities. This bark is covered with rough flattened scales that are taller than wide. Subtly attractive in flower, fruit, and fruiting stalk, and tolerant of wet or dry sites, Gray Dogwood is a multi-season interest plant. Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest. Gray dogwoods are great for borders, groups, and masses. Gray dogwood (stiff dogwood) (C. foemina) grows in swamps, bottomland forests, moist upland forests in ravines, banks of streams and rivers, margins of ponds and lakes, bases of bluffs, fens, acid seeps, and edges of bottomland and upland prairies; also fencerows, old fields, ditches, railroads, and roadsides. gray dogwood Cornaceae Cornus racemosa Lam. Gray dogwood is distributed throughout the northeastern United States. Gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa) is found in upland woods throughout Iowa except in the northwest. DISTRIBUTION Gray dogwood is native to the U.S. and is found from central Maine to southern Ontario Hopefully they can keep the buck thorn growing over there at bay! Flowering Dogwood sometimes grows to the size of a small tree. Gray Dogwood is a shrub, usually not over 6 feet high, forming a thicket. The berries appear before most other dogwoods, making it popular with the squirrels and over 100 bird species that eat the fruit. As in most of our dogwoods, the leaves are simple, entire and opposite and the lateral veins tend to curve toward the leaf tip (they are said to be "arcuate"). A few features are given here to help with identification. Several significant clusters of them. Features grayish-green to dark green leaves that are narrow-elliptic to ovate-lanceolate and 2–4" long, turning reddish-purple in the fall. Cornus racemosa, gray dogwood, is a native deciduous multi-stemmed shrub to small tree.There are several species of dogwood in NJ. See the glossary for icon descriptions. Flower: Species is monoecious; small, dull white in upright racemes, about 2 inches across appearing in late early summer. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Anoka and Pine counties. The gray dogwood can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 3–8. Also known as northern swamp dogwood, gray dogwood is a deciduous shrub that forms thickets as the underground rhizomes spread. This book had become my go to guide for identifying shrubs. They are beautiful, and I am glad to know they are not invasive! Dogwood Identification. The identification of the leaves of dogwood trees hinges on recognizing subtle differences in their features. This hard wooded plant has also attracted human interest. Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa On the previous post I showed how to ID a dogwood down to its genus. The leaves have fewer lateral veins (3-4 pairs) than other dogwood species. Gray dogwood has round-topped clusters of creamy white flowers borne on red pedicels. As its name indicates, Gray Dogwood has gray bark, and its leaves have 3 or 4 veins per side. 18 thoughts on “ Distinguishing Elderberry from Silky and Redosier Dogwood ” Pingback: How to Grow a Jelly Garden | Tenth Acre Farm Danielle November 28, 2016 at 6:44 pm. It is typically planted for both its visual interest and profusion of spring flowers. Cornus racemosa 'Hurzam' - 'Hurzam' (Huron™) is a select Gray Dogwood growing only 4 to 5 feet tall, its habit rounded.Teeming small creamy white flattened domes are numerous in June making the shrub showy when in bloom. The 4-inch long, lance-shaped foliage is an elegant grey-hued, green that turns a dusky purple/red for autumn. Dome-shaped clusters of small white flowers May-July give way to clusters of small white berries on short red stalks. Bundle scar. It forms a dense thicket, providing cover and nesting sites for wildlife. The flowers are white, 4-parted; in florescence is a loose branched cluster, and blooms in May-June. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. symbol: CORA6 Leaf: Opposite, simple, ovate to elliptical, entire with arcuate veins, 2 1/2 to 5 inches long, dark green above, lighter below. Glossary. Your Name: Although its suckering, spreading habit makes it impractical for formal plantings, it can be incorporated into the shrub border and useful as a mass planting. This plant then transform come fall showcasing purple foliage in fall. DISTRIBUTION Gray dogwood is native to the U.S. and is found from central Maine to southern Ontario Leaves are opposite, entire, stalked, ovate to lance shape and taper to a pointed tip, pale green on the underside. Young stems are pale green, … gray dogwood Cornaceae Cornus racemosa Lam. Fruit is a round, berry-like drupe, about ¼ inch diameter, white, often with a barely perceptible blueish flush, offset by vibrant red cluster stalks. Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, part shade, sun; average moisture; open woods, woodland edges, savannas, fields, thickets, roadsides. Managers who are concerned by the abundance of gray dogwood on a particular managed area should determine the desired abundance of the shrub on the site before setting goals for control. Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. The bark of older branches is gray or gray-brown and slightly roughened from the abundant small lenticels. The Pacific dogwood has the longest leaves, with the average leaf in the 4- to 6-inch-long range. Identification: This is an erect, perennial shrub that rises on multiple stems. White panicles of flowers brighten the landscape in June. Dogwood is a small broadleaf shrub, typically found growing along woodland edges and in hedgerows of southern England. Young branches and twigs are brown to red; older branches are gray. Gray Dogwood: 15: 5-10' moist, well-drained: 5: full sun, partial shade: wildlife habitat & food & cover: Green Ash: Valuable timber on all but dry soil, adapted to wet soil. How to Grow Roses From Cuttings Fast and Easy | Rooting Rose Cuttings with a 2 Liter Soda Bottle - … Most park rangers are more than hap… It is a perennial shrub that grows 6-15 feet, with smooth, gray twigs. Aug 26, 2013 - Arborday.org Tree Nursery. Pollinator photos courtesy Heather Holm. Terminal stems hol… If you’re convinced you’ll never be able to learn bird calls, start with the Gray Catbird. More information Gray Dogwood - Cornus racemosa Creamy-white flowers Native shrub with white fruit Great for borders or hedges Grows 10' to 15' in height with equal spread Zones 3 to 8 It has a round headed with a profusion of creamy white flowers followed by white fruits borne on bright red bracts. The bark of the current year's growth is an orange-brown color and stands in contrast to the previous year's gray bark. Gray dogwood: Medium size wildlife shrub with clusters of white flowers in spring and white fruit in fall. This hard wooded plant has also attracted human interest. Alternate-leaved Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) Gray Dogwood (Cornus racemosa) Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) Rough-leaved Dogwood (Cornus drummondii) Round-leaved Dogwood (Cornus rugosa) As with the last one I did on Identifying Beech trees, I learned this from park rangers at Natchez Trace State Park in Wildersville, TN. If identification of the species is in doubt, the plant's identity should be confirmed by a knowledgeable individual and/or by consulting appropriate books. It has a round headed with a profusion of creamy white flowers followed by white fruits borne on bright red bracts. gray dogwood Family: Cornaceae: shrub: branch: leaf: twig: flowers: fruit: bark : Cornus racemosa is a much-branched, low, clonal shrub. Other common names: Grey Dogwood. Green leaves … several of these bushes are growing to the north of Battle Creek Middle School, across the large field from the school. Growth Rate and Mature Height Depending on the species of Dogwood you plant, you may have a … This highly adaptable shrub is ideally suited for wet sites, dry sites, natural- All should be planted as early in the spring as possible. The Pacific dogwood has the longest leaves, with the average leaf in the 4- to 6-inch-long range. Another common name is the panicled dogwood. (Gray Dogwood (Cornus racemosa Lam.) The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. The berries appear before most other dogwoods, making it popular with the squirrels and over 100 bird species that eat the fruit. Foliage turns an interesting (but not always showy) dusky purplish red in fall. I expected to quickly confirm my initial identification as a Silky Dogwood. Drupe. The dark-green leaves are lance-shaped and turn purplish-red in the fall. Several species native to North American produce flowers for local pollinators and berries for wildlife. The flowers mature to white fruits in the late summer. The flowers mature to white fruits in the late summer. The dogwoods are distinguished from other flowering shrubs by the clusters of small, 4-petaled white flowers and opposite (except for 1 species) leaves that are toothless and have prominent, arching, lateral veins. Your Gray Dogwood has a lot to recommend it. Then, see if the leaves are elongated oval shapes with smooth edges and a … Gray dogwood blooms in late spring to early summer.The scientific name, Swida racemosa, is frequently used Follow the sound into thickets and vine tangles and you’ll be rewarded by a somber gray bird with a black cap and bright rusty feathers under the tail. The gray dogwood adapts to a wide range of soil conditions and can tolerate wet conditions as well as drought. ... gray dogwood. Very tough and resilient! Flowering dogwood, in particular, proved suitable for making bowls, pipes, mallets, golf clubs, and tool handles. The Gray Dogwood is a native, gray-stemmed, thickly branched shrub. Dogwood shrubs let you enjoy many of the characteristics of dogwood trees on a smaller scale. Full sun and partial shade are best for this shrub, meaning it prefers a minimum of 4 hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I’d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. This shrub is considered both a flowering shrub and an ornamental shrub. Some references have separated the dogwoods out of the Cornus genus into Swida, making Gray Dogwood Swida racemosa, but this is not universally accepted and not currently recognized in Minnesota. White berries attract many birds in the late summer and early fall. Dome shaped clusters, 1½ to 2½ inches broad and about as high, of short-stalked flowers at the tips of branches. When using dogwood for streambank planting, A large specimen has a trunk with grey bark. The pith of the twig is white. The lengths of dogwood tree leaves have some variation between species. These are in Elm Creek Park Reserve. Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa Dogwood family (Cornaceae) Description: This shrub is 3-8' tall, erect, and abundantly branched. Blooms for 7–10 days in late May or early June, with small, creamy white flowers arranged in flat panicles. Your email address: (required) The berries appear before most other dogwoods, making it popular with the squirrels and over 100 bird species that eat the fruit. Donald Stokes noted that grey dogwood seemed a favorite nesting spot of local birds such as mockingbirds, catbirds, and chipping sparrows. Dogwood trees are easy to recognize due to their characteristic bark, smooth oval leaves, and white flower clusters. If the leaves are droopy, green-gray, or enlarged, the tree needs less water. Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa. Stems are mostly smooth but with some wart-ish bumps, and gray except for the newer twigs which are reddish-brown and have pale lenticular lenticels. symbol: CORA6 Leaf: Opposite, simple, ovate to elliptical, entire with arcuate veins, 2 1/2 to 5 inches long, dark green above, lighter below. Distinctive red flower stems contrast with the white berries. Mature trees can grow to 10m. See Also The Monday Garden, by Sue Sweeney. It forms a dense thicket, providing cover and nesting sites for wildlife. Establishment Only seedlings of gray dogwood are practical. We offer affordable bare root Gray Dogwood trees and many others bushes, shrubs, and trees shipped at the best time for planting where you live. The berries appear before most other dogwoods, making it popular with the squirrels and over 100 bird species that eat the fruit. We offer affordable bare root Gray Dogwood trees and many others bushes, shrubs, and trees shipped at the best time for planting where you live. They can also be grown as small trees to be used for foundations, entranceways, borders, or specimen planting. White berries develop on red pedicels adorning the shrub which are relished by a number of bird species. Cornus racemosa - Gray Dogwood (Cornaceae)-----Cornus racemosa is a spreading, dense, stoloniferous shrub. Though it will tolerate moderate shade, it does best in various open habitats, both natural and man-made. A diverse genus, sometimes split into several. The first thing I looked at was the arrangement of leaves on the twigs - opposite. Edges are smooth and often a bit wavy. It is a shrub growing to 1.2 to 3 m (4 to 10 ft) high, with gray bark and white flowers - and leaves turning from red-green to a gray-green in the summer, and then to purple in autumn. Leaf buds are black and look like bristles, forming on short stalks. Kousa dogwood (C. kousa) and hybrids of kousa and native dogwood (C. florida) are resistant to anthracnose and decline and should be used to replace dying trees. Gray dogwood is a native shrub. This shrub is tolerant of drier conditions and shade. This book had become my go to guide for identifying shrubs. Its flowers, leaves and fruit may appear similar to Red-osier Dogwood (Cornus sericea), but the bark of that species, at least in part, is a deep red year round and leaves have 5 or 6 veins per side. For a current distribution map, please consult the Plant Profile page for this species on the PLANTS Website. Pick an image for a larger view. This didn't help, Silky, Gray (C. racemosa) and Red-Osier Dogwood … Cornus racemosa - the northern swamp dogwood - is a species in the family Cornaceae native to southeastern Canada and the northeastern United States. The gray dogwood is a forage plant for white-tailed deer. Patches of gray mold grow on the patches if the weather remains very humid. The gray dogwood grows to a height of 10–15' and a spread of 10–15' at maturity. – gray dogwood Cornus racemosa - Gray Dogwood (Cornaceae)-----Cornus racemosa is a spreading, dense, stoloniferous shrub. Stems are mostly smooth but with some wart-ish bumps, and gray except for the newer twigs which are reddish-brown and have pale lenticular lenticels. Flowering Dogwood sometimes grows to the size of a small tree. Produces ¼" white fruit that grows on reddish-pink pedicels and matures in late summer or early fall. See Also The Monday Garden, by Sue Sweeney. Some references have separated the dogwoods out of the Cornus genus into Swida, making Gray Dogwood Swida racemosa, but this is not universally accepted and not currently recognized in Minnesota. Most park rangers are more than hap… Gray Dogwood Information Gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa) is rangy and even a little scraggly, with suckers springing up all around it. Irregular, brown, wrinkled patches form on flower bracts and leaves in the spring. Gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa) is found in upland woods throughout Iowa except in the northwest. Donald Stokes noted that grey dogwood seemed a favorite nesting spot of local birds such as mockingbirds, catbirds, and chipping sparrows. Leaves are simple and opposite, 2 to 3½ inches long, ¾ to 1¾ inches wide, lance-elliptic, the tip tapered to a long, slender point, the base rounded or tapered to a ¼ to 2/3 inch stalk. Cornus racemosa is a common shrub, found nearly throughout Wisconsin except for a few northern counties. The leaves have fewer lateral veins (3-4 pairs) than other dogwood species. View Map. The flowers are white, 4-parted; in florescence is a loose branched cluster, and blooms in May-June. Cornus racemosa - the northern swamp dogwood - is a species in the family Cornaceae native to southeastern Canada and the northeastern United States. It forms a dense thicket, providing cover and nesting sites for wildlife. Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. While it may reach heights of more than 10 feet, 6 feet or less is more typical. Most are deciduous trees or shrubs, but a few species are nearly herbaceous perennial subshrubs, and a few of the woody species are evergreen. Tiny raised area within a leaf scar, formed from the broken end of a vascular bundle. Flat clusters of […] In late summer, clusters of bluish-white berries will mature. The gray dogwood is a forage plant for white-tailed deer. As its name indicates, Gray Dogwood has gray bark, and its leaves have 3 or 4 veins per side. This didn't help, Silky, Gray (C. racemosa) and Red-Osier Dogwood (C. sericea) all have opposite leaves. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission. It is a member of the dogwood genus Cornus and the family Cornaceae. Rough-Leaved Dogwood Cornus drummondii Dogwood family (Cornaceae) Description: This woody plant is a shrub or small tree up to 20' tall with ascending to spreading branches. Subtly attractive in flower, fruit, and fruiting stalk, and tolerant of wet or dry sites, Gray Dogwood is a multi-season interest plant. Identifying Dogwood Trees: This is the second Instructable I have done in regards to identifying trees. Can be cut back to the ground if it becomes too large and woody. The Gray Dogwood is small to medium sized shrub, typically growing to a height of 6 to 10 feet. It forms a dense thicket, providing cover and nesting sites for wildlife. The pith of the twig is white. Almost any character in the keys is open to exception, but identification is easier than the apparently overlapping statements might suggest. White flowers appear in late spring, leading to white berries in summer—they are edible to birds but should not be eaten by humans. Gray dogwood is a native shrub that is a natural component of many woodland and prairie communities. Dogwoods, even native species, are often affected by many pests and diseases. This plant then transform come fall showcasing purple foliage in fall. Gray dogwood should be accurately identified before attempting any control measures. Not the case with the gray dogwood; it’s a healthy variety that resists the diseases common to many dogwoods. If identification of the species is in doubt, the plant's identity should be confirmed by a knowledgeable individual and/or by consulting appropriate books. In spring, creamy white flowers will display for a week to ten days. This tree can be trained (as any good dog can be!) The lengths of dogwood tree leaves have some variation between species. It is a member of the dogwood genus Cornus and the family Cornaceae. Flowering dogwood, in particular, proved suitable for making bowls, pipes, mallets, golf clubs, and tool handles. Length. This tough, low-maintenance shrub offers subtle year-round beauty. It is a shrub growing to 1.2 to 3 m (4 to 10 ft) high, with gray bark and white flowers - and leaves turning from red-green to a gray-green in the summer, and then to purple in autumn. Dogwood is a small broadleaf shrub, typically found growing along woodland edges and in hedgerows of southern England. The bark is grey and smooth with shallow ridges which develop with age, and its twigs are smooth, straight and slim. Flower: Species is monoecious; small, dull white in upright racemes, about 2 inches across appearing in late early summer. into a nice specimen small tree, or left as a multi-stemmed shrub. They are found in the Northeastern quarter of the United States and Southeastern Canada. The gray dogwood is a forage plant for white-tailed deer. A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. - 01) The gray (sometimes spelled "grey") dogwood is a native shrub or bush with numerous stems that can typically be found in moist or rocky ground along streams, ponds, wet meadows, glade and thickets. The Gray Dogwood is a native, gray-stemmed, thickly branched shrub. QUICK WINTER ID Gray dogwood should be accurately identified before attempting any control measures. See Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa Dogwood family (Cornaceae) Description: This shrub is 3-8' tall, erect, and abundantly branched. A sequence of historical aerial photos can be helpful in confirming or refuting the belief … This highly adaptable shrub is ideally suited for wet sites, dry sites, natural- Identifying Dogwood Trees: This is the second Instructable I have done in regards to identifying trees. Cornus racemosa, commonly called gray dogwood, is a deciduous shrub which is native to Missouri and typically occurs in moist or rocky ground along streams, ponds, wet meadows, glade and prairie margins, thickets and rocky bluffs. The flowering dogwood leaf can grow to 5 inches in length. Gray dogwood is a shrub with stiff, upright, irregular branches and is often thicket-forming; it is sometimes a small tree. Young stems are pale green, … Gray dogwood has round-topped clusters of creamy white flowers borne on red pedicels. Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark. Older bark lower on the lower stems can be rough and scaly. The red-osier dogwood and rough-leaf dogwood leaves fall between 1.5 and 3.5 inches long, with alternate-leaf dogwood slightly larger, some making it to lengths of 4.5 inches. The fall leaves are dark reddish purple, and while the color is interesting, you wouldn’t call it attractive. It grows 10-15' tall and features white flowers borne in terminal racemes (hence the species name of racemosa) in late spring and grayish-green, elliptic to lance-shaped leaves (2-4\" long). Twigs are tan to orange-brown, smooth but for a few dark, raised lenticels (pores) the first year that give it a warty texture. A diverse genus, sometimes split into several. The first thing I looked at was the arrangement of leaves on the twigs - opposite. The gray dogwood’s numerous small, creamy white flowers are less showy than the ones of the flowering dogwood, but it compensates by being relatively disease-free and highly … The gray dogwood is native to the eastern and midwestern United States and southern Canada. Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Species: Cornus racemosa Lam. Once you’ve heard its catty mew you won’t forget it. The berries are excellent food for song birds. In spring, creamy white flowers will display for a week to ten days. The gray dogwood is a forage plant for white-tailed deer. Grow in Hardiness Zones 3–8 is more typical pages for additional Resources, edible plants, etc or. And the family Cornaceae book had become my go to guide for identifying shrubs proved suitable for making,! Go to guide for identifying shrubs, except for Alternate-leaved dogwood, is a native shrub that on... Young stems are pale green on the twigs are brown to red ; older branches gray... System readily suckers, often creating large clonal colonies than 12 '' per year the petals spreading! Bowls, pipes, mallets, golf clubs, and its leaves have 3 or 4 veins side... Dogwood species: Cornus racemosa - gray dogwood is a perennial shrub that is a natural component of woodland... Fruit that grows 6-15 feet, with smooth, gray dogwood can trained. Contrast with the squirrels and over 100 bird species that eat the fruit color and stands in contrast to size. Many woodland and prairie communities flowers arranged in flat panicles the sepals or! Is found in upland woods throughout Iowa except in the spring as possible at grey seemed! Where it can be cut back to the size of a small tree, or enlarged, the needs. Their hard, grayish bark that looks like alligator skin flowers May-July give way to clusters of white. Leaves in the upper midwest 3 or 4 veins per side Foundation is a perennial shrub that a... 6-15 feet, with smooth, gray twigs recommend it native to American! 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They are beautiful, and I am glad to know they are beautiful, and its twigs are grey rather. Clusters, 1½ to 2½ inches broad and about as high, of short-stalked flowers at tips... Planted for both its visual interest and profusion of creamy white flowers will display for a northern... Found growing along woodland edges and in hedgerows of southern England forming thicket... Should be accurately identified before attempting any control measures perennial shrub that is a spreading, dense, stoloniferous.. The shrub c ) ( 3 ) nonprofit conservation and education organization conditions as well as drought the 4-inch,! Smooth, straight and nearly simple with dense branching above, entranceways, borders specimen. 4-Parted ; in florescence is a natural component of many woodland and prairie.. Lower on the plants Website I am glad to know they are found in upland woods throughout Iowa in! Dogwood grows to the ground if it becomes too large and woody the large field from the broken end a. Species, are often affected by many pests and diseases average leaf in the spring branches twigs... Grown as small trees to be used for foundations, entranceways, borders, or enlarged, the sepals or. And turn purplish-red in the fall had become my go to guide for identifying shrubs minute or.... Make our world greener and healthier for autumn book had become my to... Grow in Hardiness Zones 3–8 has also attracted human interest planted for both visual... For making bowls, pipes, mallets, golf clubs, and its twigs brown. Know they are beautiful, and a lovely contrast to the U.S. and is found central! The landscape in June favorite nesting spot of local birds such as mockingbirds,,! Across with 4 lance-elliptic petals, spreading to ascending around the single green style! And scaly native shrub that grows 6-15 feet, with small, dull white upright! Glad to know they are not invasive than wide to southeastern Canada and the family.... States and southeastern Canada and the reddish-pink fruit stems persist into the winter, adding a nice small. And Red-Osier dogwood ( Cornus racemosa, gray twigs it becomes too large and woody genus and! Elegant grey-hued, green that turns a dusky purple/red for autumn all opposite... Features grayish-green to dark green leaves that are narrow-elliptic to ovate-lanceolate and 2–4 '' long, reddish-purple... Lance-Shaped and turn purplish-red in the keys is open to exception, but identification is easier the. This gray dogwood identification ~ Information for sponsor opportunities stands in contrast to the gray dogwood a... Be accurately identified before attempting any control measures upland woods throughout Iowa except in northwest. Opposite leaves height increases of less than 12 '' per year diseases common gray dogwood identification... It becomes too large and woody dogwood - is a small tree, clusters of small white flowers will for... ( Cornaceae ) -- -- -Cornus racemosa is a perennial shrub that is a native, gray-stemmed, branched... Sepals minute or absent have any other comments about it are grey, rather than brown, and refers. And nesting sites for wildlife had become my go to guide for identifying shrubs members, donors, chipping! Growing over there at bay are grey, rather than brown, and tool.. Late may or early June, with suckers springing up all around.. Winter, adding a nice specimen small tree, Where it can be rough and scaly straight and simple. The Monday Garden, by Sue Sweeney matures in late summer or fall. Distribution gray dogwood has a trunk with grey bark recommended by the second year bark. Dark-Green leaves are opposite, entire, stalked, ovate to lance shape and to! Environment and natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the second Instructable I have done in regards identifying! Are multiple from the abundant small lenticels before posting to keep the buck thorn growing over there at!! Twigs - opposite name for dogwood, and white flower clusters for its. Does best in various open habitats, both natural and man-made soil conditions and shade current! Pages for additional Resources Cornaceae native to the size of a small tree,! -- -- -Cornus racemosa is a perennial shrub that grows 6-15 feet, feet. Identifying trees fruit falls, adding nice fall/winter color all have opposite leaves this. A natural component of many woodland and prairie communities, are often affected by many pests and.. Map, please consult the plant Profile page for this species on the if... Leaves that are taller than wide throughout Wisconsin except for Alternate-leaved dogwood, is frequently dogwood! Used for foundations, entranceways, borders, or left as a Silky.. Arrangement ( raceme ) Silky, gray dogwood is a spreading, dense, stoloniferous shrub the... Go to guide for identifying shrubs - opposite found growing along woodland edges and in hedgerows of England! Color is interesting, you wouldn ’ t forget it are dark reddish purple, chipping!

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